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Sun, Jan 07, 2018

The Mystery of the Magi

Imagination is vital for reading the Bible. Today's Gospel reading is St Matthew 2: 1-12
Series:January - March 2018
Duration:16 mins 24 secs
Sermon Sunday 7 January 2018  Epiphany
Lessons             Isaiah 60: 1 - 11           Ephesians 3: 1 – 12        St Matthew 2: 1 – 12
Prayer of Illumination
 Let us pray.
 ‘The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.’   O Christ, may the Light of the Sacred radiate within us, illuminating our understanding, leading us further in the inner journey, and opening us ever more fully to Your Presence.   Amen.
Whether it is the Adoration of the Magi by Rembrandt or Rubens or the Journey of the Magi by Tissot, there is something seductive, if not hypnotic, about the myth of the magi.   A band of scholars, magicians, astrologers, astronomers, even kings, the wise men, perhaps three in number, embark on a journey, a long journey, in search of what?   Salvation; healing for the human soul?   It is a great privilege, no doubt, for a woman to carry a child in the womb and a blessing for others to place a hand on the unborn child, to feel its presence and life.   Perhaps it was this touch that motivated the magi to leave home and country and travel hundreds, if not thousands, of miles.   Is there a greater more important, more personal motive, than to touch the Divine and to be touched by Transcendence?   The magi represent more than themselves, more than ancient astrologers:  they are the face of everyone who seeks meaning and purpose in life.  
Today is Epiphany Sunday.   In the Spanish speaking world, Epiphany is known as Dia de los Reyes (Three Kings' Day).   In Mexico, crowds gather to taste the Rosca de Reyes – the Kings' bread.   In other countries, a Jesus figurine is hidden in the bread.   The name Bethlehem means ‘House of Bread’.   In some European countries, children leave their shoes out the night before to be filled with gifts, while others leave straw for the three Kings' horses.   In Bulgaria, Eastern Orthodox priests throw a cross in the sea and men dive in - competing to get to it first.  
Epiphany (6 January) marks the day on which the Church remembers the journey of the wise men.   Jewish scholars may caution us about potential anti-Jewish sentiment in the faith narrative.   You may remember that I suggested that, in the Gospel of Matthew, written as it was around 80CE, some parables may not have come from the mouth of Jesus but represent the polemic between the Jesus Movement and the post-Temple Judaic tradition.   The Parable of the Wedding Banquet, for example, in all its brutality does not readily read like a parable of Jesus, a nature mystic from Nazareth.   Similarly, to a Jewish ear, the faith narrative of the magi may also appear anti-Jewish.   In every nativity play, after the Christ-Child is born, the shepherds arrive having heard the message from the angels.   Some time afterwards, the wise men make their debut.   Traditionally understood, the shepherds represent the Jewish people while the magi represent the homage paid by the Gentiles.   In Christ, Jew and Gentile meet.   However, if we restrict ourselves to the Gospel of Matthew, there are no shepherds.   According to Matthew chapter 2, the only people to see the star, the only people to pay homage to Jesus, are the Gentiles.    
Another detail challenged by Jewish scholars is the fact that, though Herod was troubled by the birth of a new king; all Jerusalem was too.   The scholarly argument is that, given how much of a despot Herod was, the prospect of a new king would be a source of true rejoicing for the Jewish people.   Matthew wants us to believe that, on the whole, the Jews rejected Jesus; but however valid they may be, we cannot let the criticisms blind us to the depth and beauty of Matthew’s myth.  
What do we make of the star, the star which stopped over Bethlehem?   Some speculate that it was a super nova, the likes of which happened in 5 or 4 BC.   Others say that it was the alignment of Jupiter and Saturn in 7BC or the alignment of Venus and Saturn in 3BC.   Both of these would have caused an unusual brightness.   One scholar mischievously asks, ‘Why would they have needed a star to guide them to Jerusalem or from Jerusalem to Bethlehem – these roads were well-travelled?’   In the ancient world, stars, like the sun and moon, were believed to be living beings, living creatures, and heavenly bodies endowed with mind.   Philo said, ‘The stars are souls divine.’  
In the fifth century text, the Arabic Gospel of the Saviour, an angel appeared to the Magi in the form of a star and led them on their journey.   Angels were often depicted as bright light.   In the ancient world births and deaths of great men were often augured by the appearance of a star, such as Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar.   According to Josephus, a star shaped like a sword stopped over Jerusalem as a sign of the coming Jewish revolt against Roman authority.   If Jesus was to be king of the Jews, one wiser than Solomon, we would expect of His birth signs in the heavens, emissaries, sages and seers visiting and a power struggle with other kings.
Within Jewish midrash, there is a story told of a bright, shining light in the home of Moses at the time of his birth.   In that moment of epiphany, Moses’ sister Miriam (or Mary) recognised his importance.   Like the people of Israel who were led by pillars of cloud and fire, so the Magi are led by a star to ‘the promised land’.   The psalmist wrote, ‘Your word is a lamp to my feet, a light for my path.’   In Scripture, light signifies the presence and guidance of God.
The Syriac Orthodox Church, like the Coptic Church, claims to trace its origin right back to the very beginning of the Early Church.   According to the Syriac Church, there were twelve magi.   In a second century text called the Revelation of the Magi, they are described as an Order of Mystics; they are defined as ‘those who pray in silence.’   They came from the mythical land of Shir, the extreme eastern edge of the known world.   In this text, the star is Jesus Christ Himself, who leads them to the cave in Bethlehem.   Once there, the star transforms into a luminous infant.   After their visit, the Magi return to Shir and tell the people that they too can experience the Presence of Christ, if they receive the food which the Christ offers.  
There is a strong parallel between this second century text and the Fourth Gospel:  again and again, in the Revelation of the Magi, Jesus, the star, is described as the Light of the World.   More than that, they have a concept of Jesus as Logos, the Word or Wisdom of God.   In chapter 13 of the Revelation, Christ says, ‘I am everywhere.   I am a ray of light whose light has shone in this world from the majesty of the Father.’   In this text, Christ is said to have spoken everywhere, not just within the Jewish or Christian tradition.   The early Syriac Christians had exposure to Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Hinduism, more so than perhaps any part of the Roman Empire.   In their text, Christ has spoken everywhere.   In chapter 24, there is a wonderful scene of the Christ-child laughing and having fun.  
There are layers upon layers of meaning in these 12 verses of St Matthew’s Gospel.   In this rich mythology, there is a challenge to Herod and the worship of this world.   There are strands from the Old Testament and the wider culture of the ancient world.   There may be things which are fantastic and unbelievable in these myths, but we need to dig down to the truth within.   For me, it is a wonderful discovery to learn that the Magi may have their origin in an Order of Mystics, people who pray in silence and who hear the voice of Christ in the many rich religious traditions of the world.   Christ is the Light of the World; ‘I am everywhere’.   For me, there is an intuitive logic that Christ, the Logos, is present in all people and cultures.   When we go more deeply than rational doctrine, we encounter the Presence of the Sacred.  
As I indicated on Christmas Day, those who come from the east are, in Greek, people of the rising.   In this peculiar phrase is there a hint of the Resurrection?   Are those who travel to the cradle of the Christ-Child those who live the risen life, who make the journey inward, the journey within through all its twists and turns to find Jesus?   The fourth century monk and hermit, Macarius of Egypt, known as ‘The Lamp of the Desert’, tells us:
            The heart is itself but a small vessel, yet dragons are
            there, and there are also lions; there are poisonous
            beasts and all the treasures of evil.   There are also rough
            and uneven roads; there are precipices.   But there too
            is God, the angels, the life and the Kingdom, the light
            and the apostles, the heavenly cities and the treasures
            of grace – all things are there.
The journey of the magi, their search in darkness for Mystery, is the ideal way to introduce a spiritual adventure.   It means that in the story that follows there are depths within depths and what’s needed for every paragraph is imagination.
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Mayfield Salisbury Church Memorials 1914-1918

  • Because God is both knowable and unknowable the tension of the symbol, the multilayers of the myth and the openness of the poetic are all vital to our desire to celebrate the Mystery to whom we relate and in whom we have our being.
    Mark Oakley

  • You must love him as he is: neither God, nor spirit, nor image; even more, the One without commingling, pure, luminous ...

    Meister Eckhart

  • The purpose of our life is God's glory. However lowly a life is, that is what makes it great.
    Oscar Romero

  • Faith may justify bigotry or fanaticism, as Church history tragically witnesses. It needs a safeguard. If it is not animated as it were by the greatest of the theological virtues (love), faith can become defective.
    Thomas Norris

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    Johann von Goette

  • The post modern paradigm manifests itself as a unity which preserves diversity and diversity which strives after unity.
    David Bosch

  • There is only one assertion that requires no evidence. Children are a sacred trust...Unless we care properly for our children, we shall never build a better world.
    'A Good Childhood’ The Children’s Society

  • These are only hints and guesses, hints followed by guesses; and the rest is prayer.
    'The Dry Salvages' T.S.Eliot

  • According to strict truth, God is incomprehensible, and incapable of being measured.

  • Myth is a story about the way things never were, but always are.
    Thomas Mann

  • In the darkness ...The child of your love - and now become as the most hated one - the one You have thrown away as unwanted - unloved ..... The darkness is so dark .... I have no faith.
    Mother Teresa

  • I love the Bible. I owe my faith and my life to the Bible and its liberating message. It is in the Bible that I first met Jesus ... I too am included in God's embrace.
    Gene Robinson

  • It is this great absence that is like a presence, that compels me to address it without hope of a reply ....
    R.S. Thomas

  • Faith is not a proud self-consistent philosophy. It involves maintaining oneself between contradictions that can't be solved by analysis. It is therefore a living response to the grace of God as revealed in fragile lives.
    Mark Oakley

  • Any religion which does not say that God is hidden is not true.
    Blaise Pascal

  • The contemporary Church is losing aspects of its wide and generous memory and therefore condemning itself to become a 'swimming pool Church' - one that has all the noise coming from the shallow end.
    Mark Oakley

  • For all your doctrinal headaches take Paradox.
    Mark Oakley

  • The true vision and the true knowledge of what we seek consists precisely in not seeing, in an awareness that our goal transcends all knowledge and is everywhere cut off from us by the darkness of incomprehensibility.
    St Gregory of Nyssa

  • Death, death be hanged, the Lord has promised me that I shall live. This I believe!
    Martin Luther

  • We feel that even when all possible scientific questions have been answered, the problems of life have not been put to rest.

  • Religion is the flight of the alone to the Alone.

  • Stupid clergymen appeal quite directly to a Bible passage directly understood ....
    Soren Kirkegaard

  • What is the point of the arts of reading and criticism as long as the ecclesiastical interpretation of the Bible, Protestant as well as Catholic, is cultivated as ever?
    Friedrich Nietzsche

  • A figure like Ecclesiast, rugged and luminous, chants in the dark a text that is the answer, although obscure.
    Wallace Stevens

  • Myth is the poetry of the soul.
    Sara Maitland

  • Our loss of the ability to think mythically, poetically, allegorically, creatively, theologically, and artfully is a greater threat to our religious experience than anything good scientists have to report ...
    Sara Maitland

  • In general, Zen attitude is that words and truth are incompatible, or at least that no words can capture truth.
    Douglas Hofstadter

  • 'God' is a one word poem
    Rowan Williams

  • What is today? Today is eternity.
    Meister Eckhart

  • Apprehend God in all things, for God is in all things.
    Meister Eckhart

  • The most powerful hunger we have, mostly suppressed and misdirected, is the hunger for God.
    Miroslav Volf

  • We frequently judge that things are as we wish them to be, for through personal feeling true perspective is easily lost.
    Thomas a Kempis

  • Faith is the bird that feels the light and sings when the dawn is still dark.
    Rabindranath Tagore

  • God is the beyond in our midst.
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer

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